一目でわかる英文法

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I do = Normal infomation

I sleep at 11pm.
Seven 11 opens 24 hours.

I did = Past information

I enjoyed the party yesterday.
I woke up 1 minute ago.

Can = ability

I can swim 10 meter.
I can buy a book.

Could= ①past ②saying polite

1. Past
I could eat a lot yesterday.

2. Saying polite (meaning now)
Could you give me money? (polite)
Can you give me money? (normal)

May = 50% Possible

I may go out. (50%)
I may do my homework.(50%)

Might = 20% Possible

I might go out. (20% can go out)
I maight do my homework.(20%)

I am doing = ①Now doing ②Near future doing

①Now doing

I am studying English.

②Near future doing

I am traveling tomorrow.

I was doing= Past information + time (image)

I was eating dinner at 9:00 yesterday.
I was studying English at 11:00 am yesterday.

I am going to do = I planned and do it future.

I’m going to shopping mall tonight.
I’m going to study English tomorrow.

I was going to do = I planned to do it before

I was going to travel before but i couldn’t do.
I was going to pay you but i couldn’t do.

I Will be doing = future doing

I will be eating my lunch at 12:00.
I will be washing my clothes later.

I have done = ①Just finished ②Experience ③Still continue

①Just finished

I have just finished my homework.

②Experience

I have played computer game.

③ Still continue =I have been doing.

I have lived in Tokyo for 10 years. = I have been living in Tokyo for 10 years.

I had done = Past’s past

It is 10 o’clock now.
My boyfriend visited my house at 9:00.
But I went out my house at 8:00.

(Time Map)

When my boyfriend visited my house(at 8), I had gone out.(at 9)

I had been doing = Past’s continuous(it is finished alredy.)

I had been living in Tokyo. (before living but now not living)

Have and Have got

American English:
I have a pen.

Do you have a pen?
Yes, I do.
No, I don’t.

British English:

I have got a pen.

Have you got a pen?
Yes, I have.
No, I haven’t.

I used to do = Before often did but now no more do

I used to play computer game.
=Before I often played computer game but now I don’t do it.

Will have done = future finished

I will have eaten my lunch before 1:00 pm.
I will have finished my homework before 11:00 pm.

When = 100% happen

When I go out, I will buy some bread.

If = possible (not sure)

If I go out, I will buy some bread. (I am not sure i go out or not.)

If I go out, I may buy some bread. (I am not sure i go out or not + I am not sure i buy or not.)

Is done (passive)

My mother cleans my room everyday.
My room is cleaned by my mother everyday.(passive)

Was done (Past passive)

My mother cleaned my room last week.
My room was cleaned by my mother last week. (past passive)

I must do = have to do (with my opinion)

I must eat a lot.
You must study English.

I have to do = need to do (normal opinion)

I have to eat a lot.
=I am too skinny so I need to eat more. (normal opinion)

I should do = ①have to do ②give opinion

①have to do

I should drink 8 glasses of water everyday.

②Give opinion

I think you should sleep early.

Must > Should> Have to

Do you know what S+V

Normal question: What time is it?

Special question: Do you know what time it is?

Do you know where S+V 

Normal question: Where can I find my wallet?
Special question: Do you know where I can find my wallet?

I prefer =

①I prefer something to something

I prefer tennis to baseball.= I like tennis more than baseball.
Tennis > baseball

②I prefer doing something to doing something

I prefer driving a car to walking.

Driving > Walking

③I prefer to do something rather than do something.

I prefer to drive a car rather than walk on the street.

Preposition + doing =after preposition we must use doing or noum.

Are you interested in speaking English?
Are you interested in English?

I am good at speaking English.
I am good at English.

What do you think of watching movies?
What do you think of the movie?

Some=2 or more but not many

①Use in normal sentence

I have some books.

Offering question

Would you like something to drink?

I want your “Yes” answer question

I have only 1 USD. Can you lend me some money? (I wanat your “Yes” answer.)

Any= more than 2 but not many ①Negative use ②Question use

①I don’t need anything.(negative sentence)

②Do you have any idea?

A little= more than 2 = a little + uncountable nouns

I have a little time.

I can speak a little English.

A few= more than 2 = a few + countable nouns

I have a few problems.
I have a few hours.


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